Wernher Von Braun -- By Aaron Tovar

Editor’s Note: This article is not intended to promote the Nazi Party or condone Von Braun’s choices. History is what it is.

Dr. Wernher Von Braun was born in Wirsitz, Poland (1912-1977). When Wernher became a Lutheran, his mother, Emmy Von Quistorp, gave him a telescope. He quickly became interested in astronomy and physics.

In 1937, Wernher was forced to join the Nazi party. He helped develop the V-2 rocket that bombarded England in World War II. Wernher and his assistants surrendered to the advancing American army.

In September of 1945, under contract with the U.S. Army Ordinance Corps, Wernher worked with America in the development of the V-2 rockets for space ships. Von Braun was a scientist who believed in God. His last words were, “Thy will be done”.

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Gregor Mendel -- By Aaron Tovar

Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) was born on July 20, 1882 in Heinzendorf in the present day Czech Republic. Mendel is considered the “father of modern genetics”.

In 1843, Gregor entered the Augustinian Abbey of St. Thomas in Brno. During his work at the abbey, he always wondered why children had similar characteristics to their parents. He came up with a hypothesis; their traits were passed down genetically. He set up an experiment to see if he could cross- pollinate a species of peas. It worked! Mendel was able to follow certain traits through generations of plants (tall vs. short) and even charted the likelihood of those traits to appear. Not only was Mendel a good scientist he was also a devout Christian. Mendel died January 6, 1884 at the age of 62.

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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek -- By Aaron Tovar

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723), was a Dutch amateur scientist (amatuer because he never received a degree) who is considered to be the father of microbiology.

Antonie was the son of a cloth merchant. He noticed that the merchants inspected new shipments of cloth with a magnifying glass to see if there were any defects. Antonie wondered if he could make a magnifying glass that could look even closer. By using trial and error he managed to make the first microscope lenses. When he looked through the lenses he was able to see the microscopic world.

He sent his findings to the Royal Institute of Science in London, England. At first the scientists didn’t believe him. They sent a scientist to see if Antonie was correct and he was!

Antonie was a devout Christian. He repeatedly rebuffed the idea of spontaneous generation. Antonie lived to be 91, an old age, even when compared to modern standards. He was born in Delft, Netherlands and died in London, England.

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Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis -- By Aaron Tovar

Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis was born on July 1, 1818 in Budapest the capitol of Hungary. He was the fifth child of a prosperous shopkeeper. He received his education from the Catholic Gymnasium of Budapest, and then completed his education at the University of Pest.

In 1884, Phillip graduated from medical school. He immediately took up a position as assistant director of the Vienna Maternity Hospital. Phillip was taught to help mothers give birth. The hospital had two wards, one for trained doctors and the other for midwives. When a woman was about to give birth she was sent to one of the wards. The mothers begged to be sent to the midwives’ ward. Phillip was perplexed by this. He discovered that in the doctors’ ward, which could hold about 400 patients, as many as 100 patients died each month from infections! In the midwives’ ward, which held the same amount of patients, there were only four to five deaths in the hospital each month.

Phillip tried to come up with a hypothesis as to why this happened. Then his friend did an autopsy on a woman who died from Child Bed Fever. The doctor had nicked his hand. He died from an illness that “mimicked” the symptoms of Child Bed Fever. Phillip came up with an idea that it was contracted and spread by touch. He noticed that the doctors would perform an autopsy, then attend a woman who was giving birth without even washing their hands! The midwives, on the other hand, would line up every morning and have their hands inspected for dirt. He concluded that if the doctors would wash their hands the infection rate would go down. He tried it out and it worked. The death rate dropped to 1 out of 100 deaths.

In 1865 Phillip was performing an autopsy on a mother who had died from Child Bed Fever and was nicked in the hand by his assistant. He died a few days later of the same disease he tried to prevent.

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Robert Koch -- By Aaron Tovar

Robert Koch (Dec. 11, 1843- May 27, 1910) was a German physician. He became famous for discove-ring the anthrax, tuberculosis and cholera germs. He also won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his tuberculosis findings. Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur are the two founders of bacteriology.

Heinrech Herman Robert Koch was born in Clausthal, Germany, the son of a mining official. He studied medicine at the University of Gottingen and graduated in 1886. He then served in the Franco- Prussian War (1870-1871) and later became a medical officer. After the war he and his wife moved to the province of Posen. Koch became the local country doctor.

While he was at Posen an anthrax epidemic struck. Anthrax is a very deadly disease that usually occurs in animals but can infect humans as well. Anthrax is fast-acting. One day the animal or human would be perfectly healthy and the next day it/he would be dead. Their bodies stiffened and their blood turned a horrible black color.

Farmers would go to great lengths to prevent the disease from coming back. They would burn or bury the bodies very deep. However, the disease would still pop up. The farmers would say the reason this happened was because of the weather or because of noxious fumes.

Robert decided to investigate. Using a micro-scope his wife had bought for him he looked at a drop of blood that came from the body of an animal that had died of anthrax. He found out that the blood was swarming with little rod-like bacteria. Robert identified the anthrax germ. Now he had to find a way to prevent outbreaks. To find out about Koch’s discovery, read the May issue of the Creation Chronicle!

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George Washington Carver -- By Aaron Tovar

George Washington Carver (1864?-1943) was born of slave parents on a farm near Diamond Grove, MO. His mother, father and his brother, Jim, were all owned by a man named Moses Carver. Moses Carver didn’t believe in slavery but had them to keep his farm up and running.

George would grow up only knowing his brother, Jim. His father died in a farming accident and his mother was kidnapped by a band of Confederate night-raiders. When the Civil War ended the Carvers took in Jim and George as their foster sons. Thus, Jim and George were given the last name Carver.

When George was little he was a sickly, weak child so he didn’t do much work. He spent most of his time outdoors studying plants. Wanting to learn more he asked Moses if he could seek an education. Several times George went to a school but was denied entrance because he was black.

Finally, in 1879, he started studying at Olathe, Kansas. After completing his education at several other schools and colleges he began teaching at Tuskegee Institute, AL. He taught his students about plants, soil and better ways to plant crops.

While working at Tuskegee, Carver invented over 300 uses for the peanut alone. He made medicines, soaps and many foods from peanuts. One time he invited several friends for dinner. He served them all sorts of things to eat like salad, soup, a creamed vegetable, chicken, coffee, cookies and ice cream. His friends did not know that all of the food was made from peanuts.

George was an amazing inventor. But he also believed strongly in God. He would often go for long walks in the morning and think about God. On January 5, 1943, Carver died at the age of 77. He was buried on the campus of Tuskegee Institute, close to the grave of his friend, Booker T. Washington.

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Gerhard Domagk -- By Aaron Tovar

Gerhard Domagk was born in Lagow, Germany in 1895. He served as a medic in W.W.I. After the war he earned his medical degree. In 1927, the I.G. Farben company, which produced dyes, asked Domagk to work for them. The company asked for his assistance because the company was trying to find a chemical that could be an antibiotic. Dr. Domagk accepted the offer. Chemists at the German dye company made a bright red compound which they patented under the name Prontosil. In 1932, Domagk infected mice with a deadly strain of staph bacteria. Then he injected them with Prontosil. To his surprise the compound completely destroyed the staph bacteria. Domagk put the compound to a personal use. His daughter was dying from an infection because she had pricked her finger with a needle! Domagk gave her a shot of Prontosil. Within hours she started to recover! Domagk published a report of the drug’s extraordinary powers. Almost immediately people started asking for the drug. Only part of Prontosil actually destroys bacteria. Chemists identified the agent as sulfanilamide. Sulfa as it was later to be called did not become famous until it was used to save the life of Franklin Roosevelt Jr., the son of Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1939, Domagk received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his work on Sulfa.

Domagk was a devout Christian. He would often wake up early in the morning and take walks to get in better touch with God’s world. In 1964, Gerhard Domagk died at the age of 69.

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