The Exodus Decoded -- By Daniel Meinsen

I recently ran across an article that is a review of a documentary about the Exodus. (The Biblical Archaeology Review, Nov./Dec., 2006, p. 60-65) The documentary is called The Exodus Decoded. It stated the theory that a volcanic eruption on the island of Thera, one of the Greek Islands, wiped out the Minoan Civilization and caused the plagues. One of the theories this documentary stated was that earthquakes, produced by the eruptions, caused iron particles to go into the Nile River and mix with oxygen which became iron hydroxide (rust). This accounted for the red color that was thought to be blood in the Nile. But, there is a problem with this theory. The Bible says that all the jars of previously good water were also turned into blood. (Read Exodus 7:19). How would the iron hydroxide get into these jars? This is silly. When we try to find natural causes for God's miracles, it will be found wrong. It belittles God and calls Him a liar. It is saying that He is taking credit for something that happened naturally. In the next issue, I will deal with other falsehoods in The Exodus Decoded.

The Exodus Decoded put forward some more interesting assumptions. (The Exodus Decoded is the documentary mentioned in the last Archaeology Corner that states that the plagues occurred by natural causes.) It says that a cloud of low-flying poisonous gas came over Egypt. This was supposedly caused by earthquakes letting loose this cloud from underground. Remember, these earthquakes were caused by the eruption of Thera, an island in the Aegean Sea. It says that firstborn male kids had the privilege of sleeping on a bed in the house, while all the other kids had to sleep on the roof. They say that this is the reason that only the firstborn died. But, of course, there is a problem with this. What about the adults? All adults also slept on the ground. All the second born adults would also be killed. It goes to show that what God says is always true. God did those signs miraculously, not naturally.

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The Gods of Laban and Rachael -- By Daniel Meinsen

Genesis 31:19, 30-36, tells the story of when Jacob flees with his wives from Laban. The verses I mentioned talk specifically about Rachel taking her father's gods. You remember the story. Laban pursues them and can't find the gods because Rachel is sitting on them. Why was Laban so worried about them? They were his gods. Maybe he wanted to care for them. Or maybe, there was something more. Well, here is where archaeology comes in. Archaeologists found a tablet which stated that the household gods were the deeds to their property. Without the gods, Laban could not give his property to his sons! The family inheritance would be ruined. It looks like Rachel did it for revenge. Archaeology has shed light on this story.

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Erastus -- By Daniel Meinsen

Erastus – a Bible character that not many people may know. But his stone is one of the best archaeological evidences for the Bible. Romans 16:23 says “Gaius, my host and the host of the whole church greets you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city greets you, and Quartus, a brother.” In ancient Corinth (where Paul was writing from), a stone has been uncovered which shows the historical authenticity of Erastus. The inscription says, “Erastus, in return for his aedileship (see below) laid [the pavement] at his own expense.” Erastus has been found! The Biblical record is, once again, left unspotted! This confirms that the Bible is true, which, of course, we already knew! As I Corinthians 5:7 says, “For we walk by faith, not by sight.”

(An aedile is a term for a magistrate, or overseer, which is exactly what Paul said.)

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How Do We Know the Bible was Copied Accurately-- By Daniel Meinsen

We have been confronted with allegations regarding the authenticity of the Bible many times. Non-believers have questioned the accuracy of what we are following by saying that the Bible was not translated accurately. I think that it is a deviant attack on Christianity and the Bible. Especially since there is no evidence. What do we say against this?

We have loads of evidence to show that the Bible has been translated accurately. Although we do not have the autographs (original manuscripts), we know the Bible has been copied faithfully. Archaeology has produced about 5,366 copies of the New Testament. When you compare these to the copies we have today, the wording is the same! These show that the New Testament has been translated faithfully, since the earliest copy is dated at about A.D. 125. (The last book of the Bible was written around A.D. 100.)

In comparison, the book The History of Herodotus , has about 8 copies in existence. Only 9 copies of Josephus' book, Jewish Wars, have survived. Homer's Illiad, has about 643 copies. This shows that the New Testament has been well preserved, and what we are following is accurate!

But what about the Old Testament? You will have to wait until next month to read about the Dead Sea Scrolls!

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Jericho-- By Daniel Meinsen

Jericho is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Israel. It is also one of the most common Bible class stories ever taught. But what really happened there? What the Bible said, of course! Archaeological records agree. Dr. Bryant Wood makes some points in an article for Biblical Archaeology Review about how Kathleen Kenyon (one of the archaeologists who worked on the Jericho site) was wrong in some of her assumptions based on her bias. Mrs. Kenyon believed that the Biblical record was wrong. The evidence supports the Bible but she would not admit it. Here are two examples. The Biblical record says that Jericho was burned down. (Joshua 6:24) Mrs. Kenyon believed that there was no burning. But, she has to state in her book that many places were, “blackened or reddened by fire. . . in most rooms the fallen debris was heavily burnt” (Kenyon, 1981, p. 370). The Biblical record also states that Jericho was a strong, fortified city, (2:5,7,15; 6:5,20) which means it had walls and a gate. Mrs. Kenyon believed that since the Biblical record was wrong, it was just a small town. But guess what they found? Yes, walls and a gate. I think that shows it was a large, important town like the Bible says. These things further show that what the Bible says is true and what God says is always right.

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Was The Garden Of Eden Real -- By Daniel Meinsen

Was the Garden of Eden real? That is a question many people ask. But do we have any archaeological evidence for it? In the British Museum, there is a cylinder seal that depicts an interesting picture. This seal was found in the ancient city of Ninevah and was made around 2250 B.C. When you roll it across clay, you see a picture of a tree form. To the right, a man is standing. To the left, a woman is standing picking fruit. But that is not all. Behind the woman, there seems to be a snake standing upright. This seal will instantly remind us of the story of the Garden of Eden. So what does this seal lead us to believe? It leads us to believe that the ancient people knew and believed in this story also! Not only that they knew of this story, but believed it to be a tale from the past. God's word is always true, no matter what we think. God knows what happened in the history of the world, and He inspired forty writers to tell us about it in the Bible, His word.

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Was the Temple Real? Parts 1,2,3,4&5 -- By Daniel Meinsen

In A. D. 70, the Temple was burned. Titus was the General in charge of the siege of Jerusalem. According to the Jewish historian, Josephus, Titus tried to stop the burning to present the temple as a trophy to the Roman Empire. Another Roman historian claimed that Titus started the fire. But either way, there remains a problem.

Today, the Dome of the Rock, an Islamic religious relic, is on the Temple site. The Muslims are hostile to the Jews, preventing access to the Temple Mount. The Muslims claim they do not want their relic destroyed. There is another reason why they deny access to the Jews. The Muslims claim that the temple was a myth, that the Jews invented the temple so they (and we Christians) could try to take over the Temple Mount and Jerusalem. But can we disprove the Muslims’ claim ? In the words of Dave Stotts (host of Drive through History), "The Arch of Titus has a tremendous story to tell." Find out next month what that story is, how the Muslims are proven wrong, and how the Bible is once again triumphant!



Last issue, we were confronted with the idea that the Temple was not real. This would undermine the whole Bible, and even Jesus Himself. Jesus said in Matthew 24:2 (talking about the Temple) that, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” So even Jesus’ words and His prophecy would be in question. His divinity depends on whether the Temple is real or not.

In II Chronicles 4:7 and 20, we find reference to golden candlestands. Currently, they are called menorahs by Jewish people. Keep this in mind. When we come to the Arch of Titus in Rome, we may be tempted to pass it by. The guide books do not give much attention to this Arch. But it is one of the most important ruins in or around Rome because it shows the Bible to be true. The Arch of Titus is commemorating the fall of Judea by Titus, the general in charge of the operation. Titus died before the Arch was completed. His brother completed it in his memory. One of the reliefs depicts a triumphal parade with the spoils from the Temple. It also specifically shows a Roman soldier carrying one of the golden candlestands. This is great proof for Muslims and non-believers when they say that the Temple was not real. Next issue, I will present more evidence for the Temple!



As you might remember, my last two columns have been about the temple, and whether or not it was real. I wondered if there were any artifacts left from the temple. After doing some research, I have found information about one little artifact about the size of your thumb. It is a tiny Pomegranate. It was supposed to go on the end of a scepter. What tells us that it is from Solomon’s temple? There is an inscription on the ball which says “Holy to the priests, (belonging) to the Temple of [Yahwe]h.” The parts that are in brackets and the parenthesis are added, because they have been broken off of the inscription. There is still some speculation whether or not it is a fake, but most are convinced that it is authentic. We may never know for sure.

Another thing that some may wonder about is if there are any ruins of the temple? The answer is no, not of the actual temple. But there are ruins of a wall that was around the entire temple mount. One section is a very famous wall called the Wailing Wall. There are also ruins of the gates that went through this wall. One other piece of the temple mount is a balustrade, or railing, that was found in 1968 by an Israeli archeologist named Benjamin Mazar. There was an inscription on this balustrade that read, “To the Trumpeting Place.” According to Randall Price in his book, The Stones Cry Out, “Here was the very place where the priests stood to blow the silver trumpets to summon the Israeli people to the sacred site (the temple).”

As you can see, the temple was a real building. You can, of course, know this from the scriptures. Unfortunately, the Muslims and some very religious Jews will not let anyone excavate anywhere on the actual temple site. Even so, we can still see that Jesus’ prediction in Matthew 24:2 which reads, “And Jesus said to them, ‘Do you not see all these things (referring to the temple)? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.’”, was fulfilled.



Last issue, we were confronted with the idea that the Temple was not real. This would undermine the whole Bible, and even Jesus Himself. Jesus said in Matthew 24:2 (talking about the Temple) that, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” So even Jesus’ words and His prophecy would be in question. His divinity depends on whether the Temple is real or not.

In II Chronicles 4:7 and 20, we find reference to golden candlestands. Currently, they are called menorahs by Jewish people. Keep this in mind. When we come to the Arch of Titus in Rome, we may be tempted to pass it by. The guide books do not give much attention to this Arch. But it is one of the most important ruins in or around Rome because it shows the Bible to be true. The Arch of Titus is commemorating the fall of Judea by Titus, the general in charge of the operation. Titus died before the Arch was completed. His brother completed it in his memory. One of the reliefs depicts a triumphal parade with the spoils from the Temple. It also specifically shows a Roman soldier carrying one of the golden candlestands. This is great proof for Muslims and non-believers when they say that the Temple was not real. Next issue, I will present more evidence for the Temple!



Another thing that some may wonder about is if there are any ruins of the temple? The answer is no, not of the actual temple. But there are ruins of a wall that was around the entire temple mount. One section is a very famous wall called the Wailing Wall. There are also ruins of the gates that went through this wall. One other piece of the temple mount is a balustrade, or railing, that was found in 1968 by an Israeli archeologist named Benjamin Mazar. There was an inscription on this balustrade that read, “To the Trumpeting Place.” According to Randall Price in his book, The Stones Cry Out, “Here was the very place where the priests stood to blow the silver trumpets to summon the Israeli people to the sacred site (the temple).”

As you can see, the temple was a real building. You can, of course, know this from the scriptures. Unfortunately, the Muslims and some very religious Jews will not let anyone excavate anywhere on the actual temple site. Even so, we can still see that Jesus’ prediction in Matthew 24:2 which reads, “And Jesus said to them, ‘Do you not see all these things (referring to the temple)? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.’”, was fulfilled.

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Sodom and Gomorrah - By Daniel Meinsen

Sodom and Gomorrah, the cities of the plain. What do you think of when you hear the names of these cities? I think of pure evil and perversion. They were terrible places filled with things I don’t even want to think about. Why did I bring it up? It’s the same story here as with the temple, the Garden of Eden, the attack of the Israelites on Jericho, the authenticity of the Bible, the Plagues, Jehu and even the Ark of the Covenant.

People don’t want to admit that they exist. If they did, the Bible would be true, and then people couldn’t do just what they want to do. There is a moral code they’d have to follow. They are like Genesis 6:5 in the days of Noah. It reads, “Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth…” But I am getting off the subject.

Sodom and Gomorrah are legendary cities in the world’s eyes. But to us, they are a real example of God’s judgment. The Bible is the best evidence, but the world’s bias will only believe science, so let’s give them science. Look at the word archaeology. The suffix -logos means “the study of”. This denotes a science.

Archaeology has found cities in the location of Sodom and Gomorrah that have some interesting features about them. The roofs of all the houses are burned and collapsed. There is a thick layer of ash all around the cities. There are also some burial places where the roofs burned and collapsed causing the house to burn inside out. This is some conclusive evidence that Sodom and Gomorrah did exist, and also that it was judged by God.

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Is Temech Real? - By Daniel Meinsen

Of all the families that returned from Babylon under Zerubbabel, one of the families was the Temech, or Temah

family. They were Levites, and prisoners of war in Babylon. This family was able to return to Jerusalem, and lived there. A

recent discovery just outside the

Dung Gate in Jerusalem sheds more light on this family. Following is a quote from

the Christian Courier site.

“Dr. Eilat Mazar, who is overseeing an

excavation just outside the Old City, near the Dung Gate, stated that earlier last week a 2,500 year-old black stone seal was found with the name “Temech” engraved on it, which has been identified as the “Temah” of our common

versions. The seal, dated at 538-445 B.C., is elliptical in shape, measuring 2.1 by 1.8 cm (.71 by .83 inches). The tiny artifact contains the image of “two bearded priests standing on either side of an incense altar with their hands raised forward in a position of worship.” In addition, a “crescent moon, the symbol of the chief

Babylonian god Sin, appears on top of the altar.” The rubble where the seal was found is near the area where the “Nethinim” were housed in the days of Nehemiah. There are two important points that relate to this discovery. First, as Dr. Mazar has stated: ‘The seal of the Temech

family gives us a direct connection between archaeology and the biblical sources and serves as actual evidence of a family mentioned in the Bible. One cannot help being astonished by the credibility of the biblical source as seen by the archaeological find (emphasis added).’

Second, the mixed religious symbolism on the Temech seal likely is an illustration, and a further confirmation, of the biblical testimony of Judah’s amalgamation of the Mosaic with the cultic practices of paganism (cf. Isaiah 10:11b).”

This is another “names” discovery. This seal is a discovery that confirms a name that secular archaeologists believe never existed. It is a great thing when a secular archaeologist is thwarted. God’s word, even though it doesn’t need it, is shown to be accurate again. This Temech seal is also evidence of a great tragedy. The picture is of two priests, with a symbol of a Babylonian god on the top. It shows what happens when you are around bad examples or bad company. These once faithful Jews are now worshiping

Babylonian gods. When you are around bad company, it can corrupt you. 1 Corinthians 15:33 says “Do not be deceived: ‘Evil company corrupts good habits.’” We need to watch who we are spending time with. This is another lesson from history and the Bible that archaeology has uncovered from us.

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Why Is Archeology Important? - By Daniel Meinsen

Since the main article in this edition of the Creation Chronicle is on why it is important that evolution is not true, I thought I would explain why archaeology is important to our arguments for creation. I am sure that you all realize that it is important because there is a whole column every issue devoted to it, but why? I hope by answering this question, you might appreciate archaeology more than you possibly do now.

There are two basic assumptions in the creation argument that archaeology addresses. One, ancient humans were not cavemen. Two, the Bible is perfect. These both, in part, can be answered by archaeology.

The fact that ancient humans were not cavemen is essential to creation. Why? Because, cavemen or so-called “primitive humans,” are considered missing links and missing links are a part of the theory of evolution. How can archaeology show that ancient humans were not cavemen? Look at what archaeology has found. It has found highly advanced technology in “primitive” places. For example at Ur, hometown to Abraham, it was found that they had apartments and running water! This and many more examples clearly show that ancient humans were not primitive.

The Bible is perfect. We all know that, but there are many who do not agree. One of their obstacles to belief is that the Bible has people and places in it that “didn’t exist”. Archaeology has found and vindicated many of these “nouns” (people, places, and things). Evidence for the Hittites (their whole capitol city and palace was found) is the biggest example that archaeology has discovered for the world.

Archaeology can do great things for the cause of creation, but remember one thing. God’s Word can stand on its own. It does not need anything else but God Himself.

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The Stones Cry Out (Review) - By Daniel Meinsen

The Stones Cry Out

by Randall Price

Did the exodus ever happen? Were Sodom and Gomorrah real cities? Did our Lord Jesus ever exist on this earth? These are all questions that The Stones Cry Out help to answer. The Stones Cry Out is one of the best books on the subject of Biblical archaeology that I have ever read. The book covers many topics of great importance. It is for readers of a higher level, but it is worth every second you invest in it. I have quoted this book many times in previous Archaeology Corners and use The Stones Cry Out frequently. Have you ever wondered what evidence is out there for the Bible? This book will give you insight into how God is glorified through His word. Reading this book will enlighten you on archaeology’s profound affect on how people read the Bible. Many things that have been doubted in the Bible are shown to have existed. The patriarchs, Sodom and Gomorrah, the Exodus, the conquest of Israel, and other topics are laid to rest in this book. Overwhelming evidence is given for all subjects.There are a couple chapters that shows you how archaeology can strengthen your faith and what archaeology cannot do for your faith. Also included are resources in the back that list where many Biblical Archaeology museums are located in the U. S. and Canada.This will be an excellent addition to your library. The Stones Cry Out by Randall Price can be obtained on Amazon.com. As Randall Price says in An Invitation to Hear the Stones, “To see stones which touch this history is to draw more deeply of the reality of Him who was and is and is to come. If you share this excitement, or even if you do not, I invite you to join me in listening to the stones speak once again. It will take you to new heights- I promise!”

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Texts That Are Important To The Bible

The Dead Sea Scrolls are undisputedly the most important Biblical archaeological discovery ever found. They are the texts that help confirm that the Bible has been copied accurately throughout history. Even so, there are other important texts also. The Ra Sham Ra tablets help to clarify the meanings of a few words in the Bible that were previously confusing.

The Rosetta Stone is very important too. It was found with the same proclamation in Koine Greek, Demotic Egyptian, and Hieroglyphs. The translator, Jean-Francois Champollion, knew the Koine Greek, and was able to translate the Hieroglyphs. This is helpful to Biblical scholars because using the Hieroglyphs, they can assemble a timeline of the Pharaohs. Why is this important? Using this, it is possible to find out which of the Pharaohs match up with Israelite chronology.

There is another helpful resource that I would like to tell you about. It can be found online at www.creationchronicle.watermillchurchofchrist.org. This is the new Creation Chronicle website. My sister, Rebekah, put together this great website with almost all of our past and present articles. Please tell all of your friends about our website. We hope that this website will be a great tool for you to defend Creation. Like it says in 1 Peter 3:15, “ But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and be ready always to give an answer to everyone who asks you a reason of the hope in you, with meekness and fear.”

If you want to learn more about Egyptian Chronology, I recommend Unwrapping the Pharaohs by David Down and John Ashton. It is a great book that details the chronology of the Pharaohs and a little about each one. It can be obtained from amazon.com.

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Did the Holocost Really Happen? - By Daniel Meinsen

Editor’s note: We advise that parents read this article before their children and decide whether or not they should allow their children to read it. This article on the Holocaust can be disturbing for young readers.]

This issue of the Creation Chronicle is all about the fruits of evolution. One of the terrible things that resulted from evolution was the Holocaust. What is this terrible event that I am referring to? The Encarta Encyclopedia says it like this, “During World War II, German Nazis imprisoned between 7 million and 8 million people, mostly European Jews, in 22 concentration camps. By 1945 the Nazis had murdered more than 6 million of the inmates. Some were killed by firing squads, others died of starvation or as a result of experiments performed on them by German doctors and scientists, and most died in poison gas chambers. When Allied forces liberated the camps in 1945, they found them littered with thousands of unburied dead. The majority of the survivors were suffering from disease or starvation.” Who would do such a thing? Adolf Hitler.

Danny Tovar has already shown that Hitler was an evolutionist. Darwin’s famous book’s title includes this byline, “Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.” What does that mean? It means that, according to Darwin, one superior race would survive and rule the earth. To Hitler, this was something that he wanted to hear. One race will rule the earth? How about Hitler’s? So Hitler, using the theory of evolution, justified his concentration camps and extermination of the Jews.

Why do I bring this up in Archaeology Corner? Some people are claiming that the Holocaust of World War II never happened or that the numbers are greatly exaggerated. There is a lot of archaeological evidence for the Holocaust, though. First, we have the diary of Anne Frank. If the Holocaust never happened, this diary, found where a Jewish girl named Anne Frank was hiding from the Germans, would be a fraud. We know that it is not a fraud because of witnesses and the attic where she lived.

Second, most of the German concentration camps are still standing. There are ovens, which, according to Encarta Encyclopedia were “… used to incinerate the bodies of people killed in the camp’s four gas chambers. Birkenau, along with the nearby Auschwitz complex, was the site of scientifically planned and executed genocide during World War II (1939-1945). It is estimated that at least two million people were killed at the Auschwitz complex and at Birkenau during the war.” There are still at least 5 camps still standing. There are still boxcars that were used to transport the condemned to their camps. There are still the barracks that prisoners were herded into. There are still the gas chambers that the prisoners were killed in en masse.

Third, and most important, there are still about 200,000 survivors and their children living. You can still look on their arms and see where the Germans tattooed serial numbers on them. You can hear firsthand from those who were there how they were sent to the work side of the camp and saw their mothers and fathers and brothers and sisters sent to be gassed to death. All of this evidence clearly points to the fact that the Holocaust was real.

We must be very careful of people who are constantly trying to rewrite history. We must look at the reasons why they try to do this. Usually it is to justify their beliefs or their actions. The Holocaust and other terrible things like that happen when you stray from what God says in His Word, the Bible. We must learn from the mistakes that were made in history or we will repeat them. God’s word never fails, and we must be constantly trying to please Him.

Switching Gears In Archeology Corner - Daniel Meinsen

For two and one-half years I have been writing in Archaeology Corner about evidence for events described in the Bible. As new discoveries are made, I will continue to keep you posted. For now, in Archaeology Corner, I will begin a new topic. Using pictures from our recent vacation in the Southwest United States, I will start presenting evidence against evolution’s supposed “ancient man.” Why is this important?

One of evolution’s many problems is “missing links”. A “missing link”, according to the Encarta World English Dictionary, is an “animal linking apes to humans: an animal theorized or sought as a transitional evolutionary stage between apes and humans.” All of the current “missing links” have been shown to be false. The evolutionists’ concept of “missing links” is unintelligent half-ape, half-human creatures bent over a pile of wood beating two rocks together to start a fire and talking in grunts and groans. Early humans were not primitive, but very sophisticated and advanced technologically. Evolution says that the humans in the past were unintelligent. Creation says, and the evidence shows, that humans in the past were very intelligent and very technologically advanced.

We at the Creation Chronicle have printed information about “missing links” before. If you need more information on that subject, please read Truth Be Told by Kyle Butt and Eric Lyons, available for purchase on www.apologeticspress.com. Otherwise, see the article Daniel Tovar wrote called Unga Bunga on our website which is watermillchurchofchrist.org/creationchronicle.

Archaeology, besides confirming the Bible, can also shed light on whether or not ancient humans were primitive apes or intelligent beings. Were they monkeys or were they humans with a soul, made in the image of God? That is the question to which Archaeology Corner will endeavor to answer!

My family and I were recently blessed to go on a family vacation to the Southwest United States. We saw many ruins of the Ancestral Puebloans, formerly known as the Anasazi. What amazed me was the high level of masonry that these Indians used. I will be telling you more about that in future articles. The first place where we saw ruins was at our bed and breakfast, Kelly Place.

Kelly Place was a getaway home for a rich family in the mid-1960s. They soon saw much work to be done as they surveyed their land and found many shards of pottery just lying around, one cliff granary, three kivas and three pueblos. They excavated most of these sites, and then decided that they should be shared with others. They sold their land and house to a family who turned it into the bed and breakfast where we stayed.

The kivas there were very well restored, which is why I will discuss them here. They were also painted which they are unable to do at places like Mesa Verde, Hovenweep, and Wupatki. The kivas are round pits with an adobe brick wall all around it and a wood and thatch roof over it. The builders then covered it in a layer of mud, creating a small plaza. The kiva had a central hole in the roof with a fire under it. A ladder was angled over the fire, and that is how they entered and exited.

There was one small problem. A fire has to have oxygen to burn, and because the hole in the roof was putting smoke out, it could not draw air in. The Ancestral Puebloans solved this problem by digging a small shaft (seen in the picture below). They then found out that any bit of wind would blow the fire out! Because of this, they built a deflector wall (also seen in the picture below), which spread the air around in the pit. This let the fire and the people use the oxygen better.

These were not clumsy cavemen, instead the Ancestral Puebloans were highly advanced people, made in the image of God as you will continue to see in future Archaeology Corners




Were Humans Primitive or Not - By Daniel Meinsen

As we continue our discussion of the question “Were Humans Primitive or Not?”, let’s look at the next place we went on our vacation, which was Mesa Verde. Mesa Verde is an absolutely amazing place. The Ancestral Puebloans settled this area and developed it thoroughly. There are numerous cliff dwellings and surface houses spread over this national park.

One of the numerous plants in the park is yucca. Listen to what the National Park Service says about their uses of the yucca plant. “The roots of the plant were peeled and ground to produce a sudsy pulp. The pulp was mixed with water and used for soap or shampoo. Legend says that washing your hair with yucca shampoo makes the hair strands stronger and may even prevent baldness. Yucca leaves are stiff and full of fibers. The yucca leaves were collected and stripped of fibers. The fibers were then woven into sandals, baskets, or rope. Twine made from yucca fiber was twisted with wet turkey feathers or strips of rabbit fur to made nice warm blankets. The people could chew one end of a short length of yucca leaf, exposing the fibers and producing paintbrushes for decorating pottery. If you've ever accidentally backed into a yucca plant you know a sharp, hard point tips each leaf. These sharp leaf ends could be used as needles for sewing when combined with the fibrous threads from the leaves.

The soft, fleshy fruit of the yucca was a staple of Ancestral Pueblo diet. It could be eaten raw, cooked, or mixed with other ingredients. In early summer the yucca plant blooms with shiny white flowers. These flowers are sweet and can be eaten raw. If you're very hungry, you can even eat the root.” How did the ancestral Puebloans know to use this plant for so many different purposes? They were primitive, or so the evolutionists want you to think. Actually, they were intelligent and resourceful, made in the image of God.

Mesa Verde is an amazing place. I will tell next of the architecture of the cliff dwellings, and how they were more sophisticated builders than many previously thought. These people are just one group out of thousands that proclaim, by their intelligence, without knowing it, that God exists.

Cliff Palace - By Daniel Meinsen

In this Creation Chronicle, we start with the most famous cliff dwelling in Mesa Verde, the Cliff Palace. This dwelling is the largest and most important dwelling in the park. It is generally considered the “capitol” of the ancient Mesa Verde area. There are many interesting features in the dwelling that deserve our attention.

First, is a large boulder which has a large crack in it. The National Park Service was worried about it breaking and moving because it is the foundation for part of the dwelling. They were filling the crack with concrete, when they found adobe in it. The Ancestral Puebloans had tried to do the same thing! They knew that the crack posed a threat, so they tried to fix it. They worked on this idea before concrete was even invented.

The Cliff palace is home to incredible kivas, even deeper than the ones at Kelly Place. This Palace has a round tower right in the middle of it. Round towers are hard to make, and this one is done with almost perfect accuracy. The windows are precisely aligned with summer and winter solstices. This is a hard feat to manage, but these “primitive humans” managed it. Their abilities must have been more advanced than previously thought.

The Cliff Palace is an architectural marvel. It stands as a tribute to the knowledge and insight that God gave to His children. It also shows us that God loves us so much that He gave us knowledge to do these things.

[Note: I promised to give you updates on Biblical Archaeology. Recently, in the British Museum, a tablet was found that has the name of Nabu-sharrussu-ukin. The translator checked his Bible and found the same name, though spelled differently, Nebo-Sarsekim. In Jeremiah 39, he is described as the “chief officer.” On the tablet, he is described as the “chief eunuch.” This corroborates the Bible! The tablet has been described as “the most important find in Biblical archaeology for 100 years.” God’s word is always true, no matter what man tries to say or do.]

Balcony House - By Daniel Meinsen

Mesa Verde is the crowning achievement of the Ancestral Puebloans. The next site here is Balcony House, one of the last inhabited sites in the park. Here, we can find more evidence that ancient man was not primitive, but highly advanced. This will totally go against evolution’s theory of the development of man. There are three main plazas at Balcony House: north, lower and kiva.

The north plaza has two items of interest to us. First is what gives Balcony House it’s name, the balcony. This is the most complete balcony constructed by the Ancestral Puebloans that we have today. It’s construction alone shows that these people were quite advanced. The method used was to first put wood down, then cover it with rock to the desired thickness. Then, filler rock filled the cracks, and last, plaster covered the whole balcony. This method made the balcony slow to burn, and fires can easily be put out. A similar method that used three layers of wood instead of rock was relatively new in the 1830’s. The Ancestral Puebloans had this idea much earlier! They were advanced in their building techniques.

Something else in the north plaza (or the lack of it) also shows advanced culture. The north plaza is the only plaza that does not have great black marks on the ceiling from smoke reacting with the rock above open fires. Also, the north plaza is the only plaza in Mesa Verde with a retaining wall. What do archaeologists speculate this means? It is believed that the north plaza of the Balcony House is the world’s first daycare! With no fires for the children to get burned in and no way for the children to fall off the cliff, this was the ideal spot for the Ancestral Puebloans to raise their children. If a community plan for these people included a safe place for their children to grow and play, this shows that they had feelings, and were not brutes.

The inhabitants of Balcony House were not primitive cavemen, but people with a soul, made in God’s image. God’s word is always true, and God shows His glory in all areas of the world.